Fairford has been a market town since 1135, selling mostly cheese, milk, corn, livestock and wool. Its prosperity continued until the decline of the wool trade. Fairford’s broad High Street and Town square are typical of an old market town. The streets are wide enough for sheep pens and tethered animals. The remains of iron rings can be seen in Park street where horses and bulls were tethered. The weighbridge was to be found in the road opposite the present War Memorial.
In 1873 the railway came to Fairford providing further prosperity to the market and it helped to supply the Fairford Gas and Coke Company.
Cattle, sheep and pigs were sold at Fairford market until the First World War but by the 1930’s trade had declined and the markets ceased. A Wednesday traders market was revived in 1986 and is still popular today.